How to dehydrate fruit

How to Dehydrate Fruit Easily and Perfectly

Nowaday, the dehydrated fruit (also known as the dried fruit) is one of the most commonly used dried products in the market. Dried fruit has the advantage of easy storage, long-term use, and very convenient use. It is a convenient snack at the office or pregnant women eat nutritional supplements for the body. You don’t have to go to big supermarkets to buy water-split fruits, you can make them at home. KITCHENBAR’s article will show you the easiest and most perfect way to know how to dehydrate fruit!

What is Dehydrated Fruit?

Dehydrated fruits (dried fruits) are fresh fruits and vegetables that have been stripped of their internal water content by natural drying or by drying techniques.

These dried fruits and vegetables are packed with nutrients, rich in fiber and antioxidants that are good for health. Some fruits also work to prevent disease good for women during pregnancy.

These dried fruits and vegetables are packed with nutrients
These dried fruits and vegetables are packed with nutrients

Currently, on the market there are many dried fruits, fruits and vegetables available for sale in supermarkets, department stores, you can buy and use. But these dried vegetables, fruits and fruits do not guarantee food hygiene and safety. So it’s best to do it yourself at home, both economically and safe for your health.

Dehydrated fruit has many ways, can be dried, dehydrated by manual drying, can use the dryer to dehydrate the fruit. With the remarkable development of drying techniques, the dryers are commonly used today such as heat dryers, cold dryers, dehydrators, vacuum dryers or sublimation dryers, these are all The machines are suitable for drying fruit, medicine, food…

However, each type of dryer will have different advantages and disadvantages, different ranges of use, different product quality, depending on the type of product, production scale, product quality requirements, level Investment degrees that have different choices.

Among the above types of dryers, heat dryers and cold dryers are the most popular because of the ability to dry a variety of products, dry under normal conditions and the cost is much lower than the other types of dryers. Here we will show how to dehydrate fruit with some methods.

How to Dehydrate Fruit by Dehydrating Machine?

Dehydrated fruits always have a special taste, ensure nutrients and are easy to store. Many people often hesitate to go out to buy dehydrated fruit because they are not assured of the quality. As a result, a wide variety of dehydrated fruit machines are produced. It makes it easy to make dehydrated fruit at home.

You can dry any type of fruit. Normally, you should choose fruits in season because the price is cheap, the quality of the fruit is also better.

The fruit should be disposed of before starting the dehydrating process
The fruit should be disposed of before starting the dehydrating process

Fruits used for dehydration must be those that are ripe but not soft, runny or crushed. Once you’re done choosing, wash them thoroughly, separate the seeds and slice them. The thinner and more evenly sliced ​​fruit, the faster the dehydration process will be and the more evenly the fruit is dried.

After slicing is complete, the fruit should be disposed of before starting the drying process. There are many different treatments available, such as blanching or soaking in a brine solution (depending on the type of fruit).

With some fruits you should blanch them to help them after dehydration will last a long time and taste better. To blanch the fruit, put the fruit in a pot and steam it for 5 minutes. Then, take out and put in ice cold water to cool quickly, help the fruit firmer.

Next is to place thin slices of the cut fruit into the tray of the dehydrator. Put in the dehydrator and adjust the temperature accordingly. Usually most fruits will be dehydrated best at temperatures between 50-65 degrees C. Dehydration time will vary depending on the type of fruit because the amount of water in them is different.

After checking the dried fruits, discard them and the glass jar or plastic jar with a lid. Keep the lid tightly closed and keep in a cool, dry place so you can store the dehydrated fruit longer.

After checking the dried fruits, discard them and the glass jar or plastic jar with a lid
After checking the dried fruits, discard them and the glass jar or plastic jar with a lid

Be aware that when testing dehydrated fruits to the point you want, don’t check them while they’re still hot. You should turn off the machine and let it take 20-30 minutes, the dehydrated fruit slices have cooled before you should check. Now is the time when they show you the correct water content in them.

How to Dehydrate Fruit by Microwave?

A microwave oven is a convenient tool in the kitchen. It not only helps us heat food, but also dehydrates some fruits.

In order to ensure that the correct quality of fruits, fruits and vegetables after drying, the selection of fruits, vegetables and fruits for drying is an extremely important first step.

Choose fruits that are ripe, undamaged, crushed, underripe, or overripe. This will create delicious products with high nutritional value. After choosing fruits and vegetables carefully, you wash them off. Depending on the type of fruit, the bulb is large and small, you will slice or let it dry.

Arrange the fruit on a tray in the microwave, put it in the oven and start spinning
Arrange the fruit on a tray in the microwave, put it in the oven and start spinning

For example: Fruits and tubers such as banana, dragon fruit, sweet potato, jackfruit, are sliced ​​thinly. Fruits such as grapes, figs, add in half or leave the whole fruit.

Arrange the fruit on a tray in the microwave, put it in the oven and start spinning. The time and temperature for each fruit is different. But the microwave is suitable for vegetables such as sweet potatoes, potatoes, bananas, jackfruit,…

After completing the dehydration process in the fruit. Carefully remove the dehydrated fruit and let it cool. Then put the dried fruit in a glass jar or plastic jar with a lid. Keep in a cool place for storage. You can also put it in the refrigerator, cold dehydrated fruit will taste better.

How to Dehydrate Fruit using a Cold Dryer?

This is a method of drying and dehydrating at low temperature from 10-65 degrees C with air. Fruit is dehumidified by a cooling system and the drying air humidity drops below 40%. The moisture removal from the fruit occurs due to the difference in moisture between the inside of the fruit and the air drying environment.

Thus, the essence of the cold drying method is to use the moisture difference between the drying agent (air) and the fruit. It dries without using the temperature of the drying agent to cause the water in the fruit to turn steam like the heat drying method.

The thinner and more evenly sliced ​​fruit, the faster the dehydration process will be
The thinner and more evenly sliced ​​fruit, the faster the dehydration process will be

Therefore, most of the substances in the heat-altered fruit are intact when using cold drying, which is a huge advantage of the cold-drying method, especially for fruits that are rich in vitamins. Medicinal products containing active ingredients that are easily degradable at high temperature.

Also, with the low drying temperature, the colors of the fruits and vegetables are kept almost original, which makes for a very interesting color for each type of cold-dried product. Fruit products after drying are easy to preserve, use for a long time, and convenient to carry, especially in case of travel.

First choose the fruit you love. Fruits used for dehydration must be those that are ripe but not soft, runny or crushed. Once you’re done choosing, wash them thoroughly, separate the seeds and slice them. The thinner and more evenly sliced ​​fruit, the faster the dehydration process will be and the more evenly the fruit is dried.

After slicing is complete, the fruit should be disposed of before starting the drying process. There are many different treatments available, such as blanching or soaking in a brine solution (depending on the type of fruit).

Place thin slices of fruit in the tray, making sure to layer them and don’t let them overlap. Then put in the cooler and turn on the start button. The dehydration time of the fruit depends on the type of fruit you are trying to dehydrate.

When the dehydration is complete, the fruit will show signs of shrinkage and are smaller than it was at first (due to the amount of water inside being reduced). You just need to put it in the jar with a lid and keep it in a cool place to store.

How to Dehydrate Fruit in the Sun?

The method below is a great solution for making dehydrated fruit at home without the need for an oven or dehydrator. That is, use the sun. Exposing fruit to the sun is a classic, energy-efficient way to preserve fruit. This is a simple method that is easy to do at home.

Not all fruits will dry well, so just focus on those that are known to yield great results when dried. The fruits that we can dry are: mango, banana, apple, dragon fruit, fig, pear…

Also, make sure the fruit you use is ripe. It is not spoiled, so choose unripe or overripe fruits. Therefore, the product you make will not taste good, and its nutritional value is not high.

After being carefully selected fruits, you need to wash and prepare them. The fruit will be washed and peeled depending on the type of fruit.

Cut the fruit into thin slices
Cut the fruit into thin slices

Cut the fruit into thin slices. Most fruits need to be cut into thin slices of about 0. 3 to 0. 6 cm, however there are some small fruits that can be left intact or halved if the seeds are to be removed.

Since fruit drying is dependent on the sun, you need the following guidelines to ensure your produce produces a nutty flavor.

Choose a hot, windy day for fruit to dry in the sun: The temperature needs to be at least 86 degrees F (30 degrees C) is best for dehydrating the fruit in the sun or hotter if available. can. Note that outdoor drying takes a few days, so you should see the weather forecast choose hot dry days, avoid choosing cool or rainy days. The humidity should be below 20 percent as well and the weather should be sunny and windy.

Choose a sunny place that gets the most sunlight. Also, avoid areas where the fruit could be disturbed or contaminated, such as near roads or in areas with lots of people or animals.

Arrange the dried fruits on a tray: Arrange the sliced ​​fruits and vegetables on a stainless steel or plastic tray (do not choose a tray made of aluminum or copper because these trays affect the vitamin content and discoloration). Stack the fruit slices to avoid overlapping.

Place the tray in the sun:

  • It is important to keep the overhead tray away from damp ground, which improves air flow and dehydration rate.
  • Cover the trays with a thin cloth to avoid exposure to direct sunlight and help protect them from birds and insects.
  • Move the trays indoors at night as cool evening air can bring moisture back into the fruit.
  • Drying fruits using this method will take a few days. Follow the progress several times a day until the fruit shrinks and dries up.

Simply harvest the dehydrated fruit and store in an airtight container in a cool place. In this manner, most dried fruit will last 9 to 12 months. Packaged dried fruit should be used faster after opening, and may need to be stored in a refrigerator or a sealed bag, to prevent spoilage.

Final Words

Dehydrated fruit is a delicious and nutritious food. This is also a way to preserve the fruit for a longer time. The above article shows you how to dehydrate fruit. You can dehydrate juice at home without going to the supermarket to buy it. Hope that the information we share above can be of help to you.

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